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Measures LN et al. Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in Canadian pinnipeds. J Wildl Dis. 2004. 40(2):294-300.

McKinney MA et al. Characterization and profiling of hepatic cytochromes P450 and phase II xenobiotic-metabolizing enzymes in beluga whales (Delphinapterus leucas) from the St. Lawrence River Estuary and the Canadian Arctic. Aquat Toxicol. 2004. 30;69(1):35-49.

Mikaelian I et al. Adenomatous hyperplasia of the thyroid gland in beluga whales (Delphinapterus leucas) from the St. Lawrence Estuary and Hudson Bay, Quebec, Canada. Vet Pathol. 2003 Nov;40(6):698-703.

Daniel Martineau, "Wildlife forensic science", in AccessScience. Last modified: February 3, 2004.

Bernier J et al. Purification of functional T lymphocytes from splenocytes of the beluga whales (Delphinapterus leucas). Dev Comp Immunol. 2000 Sep-Oct;24(6-7):653-62.

Cossa D et al. Polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons in mussels from the Estuary and Northwestern Gulf of St. Lawrence, Canada. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 1983 Jul;31(1):41-7 (PAHs in the St Lawrence beluga habitat)

Birkun A Jr. Epizootic of morbilliviral disease in common dolphins (Delphinus delphis ponticus) from the Black sea. Vet Rec 1999 Jan 23;144(4):85-92.

Blane, J.M. et R. Jaakson. The impact of ecotourism boats on the St Lawrence Beluga Whales. Environ. Cons. 1994. 21(3): 267-269

Campo MS. Bovine papillomavirus and cancer. Vet J. 1997 Nov;154(3):175-88

Cordes DO et al. Neoplasms of sheep: a survey of 256 cases recorded at Ruakura animal health laboratory. N Z Vet J. 1971 Apr;19(4):55-64

De Guise S et al. Effects of in vitro exposure of beluga whale leukocytes to selected organochlorines. J Toxicol Environ Health 1998 Dec 11;55(7):479-93

De Guise S et al. Tumors in St. Lawrence beluga whales (D. leucas). Vet Pathol 1994 Jul;31(4):444-9.

Lettre au journal: De Guise S et al.  True hermaphroditism in a St. Lawrence beluga whale (Delphinapterus leucas). J Wildl Dis 1994 Apr;30(2):287-90

Gauthier J et al. Induction of micronuclei in vitro by organochlorine compounds in beluga whale skin fibroblasts. Mutat Res 1999 Feb 2;439(1):87-95.

Kavlock RJ. Overview of endocrine disruptor research activity in the United States.  Chemosphere 1999 Oct;39(8):1227-36. (OC as endocrine disruptors)

Lair S et al. Adrenal hyperplastic and degenerative changes in beluga whales. J Wildl Dis 1997 Jul;33(3):430-7

Martel L et al.  Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in sediments from the Saguenay Fjord, Canada. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 1986 Jul;37(1):133-40 (PAHs in the St. Lawrence beluga habitat)

Martineau D et al. Cancer in wildlife, a case study: beluga from the St. Lawrence estuary, Quebec, Canada. Environ Health Perspect 2002 Mar;110(3):285-92

See the forum on this article either online (up to date) or in pdf format (October 2002).  See also the article on this site in html ou pdf format.

Martineau, D., I. Mikaélian, J.M. Lapointe. 2000. Chapitre de livre. Pathology of cetaceans. Dans: Toxicology of Marine Mammals. Ed. by JG Vos, G. Bossart, M. Fournier. Taylor and Francis Pub. Washington, DC. (soumis)

Martineau D., S. Lair, S. De Guise, T. Lipscomb, P. Béland. 1999. Cancer in beluga whales from the St. Lawrence Estuary, Quebec, Canada: A potential biomarker of environmental contamination. Journal of Cetacean Research and Management (Special Issue 1):249-265 (antérieurement : "Reports of the International Whaling Commission")

Martineau D et al. - Pathology and toxicology of beluga whales from the St. Lawrence Estuary, Quebec, Canada. Past, present and future. Sci Total Environ 1994 Sep 16;154(2-3):201-15.Martineau D et al. Intestinal adenocarcinomas in two beluga whales (Delphinapterus leucas) from the estuary of the St. Lawrence River. Can Vet J 1995 Sep;36(9):563-5. (Cancer)Martineau D et al. Pathology of stranded beluga whales (Delphinapterus leucas) from the St. Lawrence Estuary, Quebec, Canada. J Comp Pathol 1988 Apr;98(3):287-311 (Diseases)

 Mathieu A et al. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon-DNA adducts in beluga
J Toxicol Environ Health 1997 May;51(1):1-4. (Benzopyerene in the Saint Lawrence Estuary)

Mikaélian I et al. Dermatophilus-like infection in beluga whales, Delphinapterus leucas, from the St. Lawrence estuary. Vet Dermatol. 2001 Feb;12(1):59-62

Mikaélian I et al. Fibroleiomyomas of the tubular genitalia in female beluga whales. J Vet Diagn Invest. 2000 Jul;12(4):371-4

Mikaélian I et al. Metastatic mammary adenocarcinomas in two beluga whales (Delphinapterus leucas) from the St Lawrence Estuary, Canada. Vet Rec. 1999 Dec 18-25;145(25):738-9.

Mikaelian I et al. Seroprevalence of selected viral infections in a population of beluga whales (D. leucas) in Canada. Vet Rec 1999 Jan 9;144(2):50-51. (Virus)

Mikaélian I, J. Boisclair, J.P. Dubey, S. Kennedy, D. Martineau. 2000. Toxoplasmosis in Beluga Whales (Delphinapterus leucas) from the St Lawrence Estuary: Two Case Reports and a Serological Survey. J. Comp. Pathol. 122(1):73-76. 

Perera FP. Environment and cancer: who are susceptible?  Science 1997 Nov 7;278(5340):1068-73. (The roles of environment and genetics in the etiology of cancer)St-Laurent G et al. Molecular cloning and phylogenetic analysis of beluga whale (D. leucas) and grey seal (H. grypus) interleukin 2 .Immunol Immunopathol 1999 Mar 1;67(4):385-94. (Immune system) St-Louis, R. S. deMora, E. Pelletier, B. Doidge, D. Leclair, I. Mikaélian, D. Martineau. 2000. Hepatic butyltin concentrations in Beluga whales (Delphinapterus leucas) from the St. Lawrence Estuary and Northern Quebec, Canada. Applied Organometallic Chemistry 14 (4): 218-226. Schulman FY et al. Histologic, immunohistochemical, and polymerase chain reaction studies of bottlenose dolphins from the 1987-1988 United States Atlantic coast epizootic. Vet Pathol 1997 Jul;34(4):288-95. (Virus) Takahashi S et al.  Distribution and specific bioaccumulation of butyltin compounds in a marine ecosystem. Arch Environ Contam Toxicol 1999 Jul;37(1):50-61. (Tributyltin)Tremblay C et al. Estimation of risk of developing bladder cancer among workers exposed to coal tar pitch volatiles in the primary aluminum industry. Am J Ind Med 1995 Mar;27(3):335-48. (Cancer in aluminium workers of the Saguenay region)

JG Vos, GD Bossart, M Fournier. Toxicology of marine mammals. T O'Shea (Ed). Taylor & Francis 2003. London et New York. 643 p.

Évaluation de l'efficacité d'une couche de recouvrement par modélisation numérique : application au cas du Fjord du Saguenay. Dueri, Sibylle. Université Laval, Faculté de sciences et de génie. Département de géologie et génie géologique. Thèse de doctorat interuniversitaire en sciences de la Terre. Directeur : Therrien, rené. Codirecteur : Locat, Jacques (2003-06). 

Summary of the work carried out over almost 20 years on the causes explaining the decline of the St Lawrence beluga population at the College of Veterinary Medicine, Université de Montréal.

Chapter in a book

  • Toxicology of Marine Mammals (New Perspectives: Toxicology and the Environment) by J.G. Vos, G.D. Bossart, M. Fournier and Th.J. O'Shea (Editors). Taylor & Francis, London and New York (2003), 643 pp. GBP 95.-, ISBN 0-415-23914-1


  • D Martineau. I Mikaelian, JM Lapointe, P Labelle, R Higgins. Pathology of cetaceans. A case study: beluga from the St Lawrence Estuary. 333-380. 
  • JM Gauthier, H Dubeau, E Rassart. Evaluation of genotoxic effects of environmental contaminants in cells of marine mammals, with particular emphasis on beluga whales 404-428.
  • S Deguise, KB Beckmen, SD Holladay. Contaminants and marine mammal immunotoxicology and pathology. 38-54.
  • P Brousseau, S Deguise, I Voccia, S Ruby, M Fournier. Immune status of St Lawrence estuary beluga whales. 381-403. 



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